A Compendium Of Omni Grammar

Ye du tal ye du.
Whatever will be will be.

Do kusey leyma mes
Hope this will have a future (existence)

Di yo kono tik, ha ye koni tik.
I make a word, you make a word.

Di yo kono tiki fayun, ha ye koni tiki fayun.
I decide some grammar, you decide some grammar.

Di yo tilno tal, ha ye juno la.
I think of something then write it.

Di yo tilni tik, ha ye juni la.
You think of a word and then write it.

Di yo konop titik, ha ye kona tik.
We make words, he makes a word.

Di yo kona fayun, ha ye konap fayun.
He decides some grammar, they decide some grammar.

Yo nano kusey.
I like this.

Kyo nanip kusey?
Do you guys like this?

Do.
I hope (regularly).

Di.
You hope.

Dop.
We hope.

Dip.
You guys hope.

Yo leymo hana.
I have a book.

Yo leyma kisa hana.
He has 3 books.

Yo leymop mesi hana.
We have a book about the universe.

Ye si leymap hahana sa.
They won't have any books.

Ka di leyma mes, kusey?
Do you hope this has a future?

Yo nano.
I like this.

Yo si nano sa, kusey.
I don't like this.

Hono
Me

Hani
You

Hono, yo si kusey nano sa.
I don't like this.

Kusey, yo nano la hono.
I like this.

Do nani hono.
I hope you like me.

Hono, si do hani nani la sa.
I don't care if you like it.

Kye duna ama?
Will you be there?

Ama, ye hono duno.
I will be there.

Ye duno, kete ye si duna sa.
I'll be there but you won't.

Kyo la kitna?
Is it broken?

Ye du.
It will be

Yal junap Yan ga Sara kilop hahana. (ju(n) = ti- han(a))
John and Sarah wrote 7 books.

Yo timesap fayun. (ti- mes -agr = existential predicate)
There are rules.

Yo leymop fayun.
We have rules.

Ye si yo sa kitna.
It's not that it is broken, but it will be broken.

Kye o yo kitna?
Is it broken or will it be broken?

Mit yo kitna, ha ye hukmo la.
If it is broken then I will fix it.

Mit yo sono tal, ha ye soni tal.
If I say something repeat it.

Mit yo kitni, ha ye la hukmi.
If you break it you will fix it.

Yo si sena sa.
It's not dead.

Mit yo si yahuni la sa, hani, ha yo si katuni yuni honoi tik ga tiki fayun sa.
You don't have to use my grammar rules and words if you don't want to.

Mak yal nano kusey.
I was just having fun.

Yal kila tal
What does that mean?

Kusehu, baga kusak ya si senala.
This one [he] says [that] he's not dead yet.

Dreitman, kyo baga ke kusku ya si sela ka Omni sa? Kyo ke la baga ya si sela ka la
sa?

Omni, yo si senala ka la sa. Hani, mit yo si yahuni sa, ha yo si katuni yi yun ka honoi
tik ga ka tiki fayun sa. Mak yal nano. Do ya e ka kusey leym ka mes!

Omni isn't dead. You don't have to use my words and grammar rules if you don't want to.
I was just having fun. Hopefully this has a future!

Do yi mak nala.
I hope you are/were just joking.

Do yap mak na.
I hope they just made/are making a joke.

Yal bagap yop mak e nala.
They said we will just be joking.

Mak ye bagap yo mak e na.
They will just say that I will only make a joke.

Topicalization:
1a) Dreitman, kyo baga ke kusku ya si sela ka Omni sa?
dreitman y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing DET.agentive that.one clause.3p.sing NEG
( die.imperf DET.non-agentive Omni )NEG

1b) Kyo baga ke kusku ya si sela ka Omni sa, dreitman?
y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing DET.agentive that.one clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf
DET.non-agentive Omni )NEG dreitman

1c) Omni, kyo baga ke dreitman ya si sela ka la sa?
Omni y/n.claue.present say.3p.sing DET.agentive dreitman clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf
DET.non-agentive 3p )NEG

1d) Kyo baga ke dreitman ya si sela ka la sa, Omni?
y/n.clause.present say.3p DET.agentive dreitman clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf
DET.non-agentive 3p )NEG Omni

1e) Kyo baga ke kusku, Omni ya si sela ka la sa?
y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing DET.agentive that.one Omni clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf
DET.non-agentive 3p )NEG

1f) Dreitman, kyo baga ke kusku ya si sela ka la sa, Omni?
dreitman y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing DET.agentive that.one clause.3p.sing NEG
( die.imperf DET.non-agentive 3p )NEG
note: topicalized nouns don't take determiners.

Pro-drop:
2) Kyo baga ya si sela sa?
y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf )NEG

Free-word order:
3a) Kyo baga ke dreitman ya si sela ka Omni sa?
y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing DET.agentive dreitman clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf
DET.non-agentive Omni )NEG

3b) Kyo baga ya si sela ka Omni sa ke dreitman?
y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf DET.non-agentive Omni )
NEG DET.agentive dreitman

3c) Kyo ke dreitman baga ya si sela ka Omni sa?
y/n.clause.present DET.agentive dreitman say.3p.sing clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf
DET.non-agentive Omni )NEG

3d) Kyo ya si sela ka Omni sa baga ke dreitman?
y/n.clause.present clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf DET.non-agentive Omni )NEG say.
3p.sing DET.agentive dreitman

3e) Kyo ke dreitman ya si sela ka Omni sa baga?
y/n.clause.present DET.agentive dreitman clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf DET.non-
agentive Omni )NEG say.3p.sing

3f) Kyo ya si sela ka Omni sa ke dreitman baga?
y/n.clause.present clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf DET.non-agentive Omni )NEG
DET.agentive dreitman say.3p.sing

3g) Kyo baga ya si sela ka Omni sa?
y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf DET.non-agentive Omni )
NEG

3h) Kyo baga ya si ka Omni sela sa?
y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing clause.3p.sing NEG( DET.non-agentive Omni die.imperf )
NEG
Mixing it up (naturally deriving a subject-initial language?):
Dreitman kyo Omni ya si sela sa baga?
dreitman y/n.clause.present Omni clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf )NEG say.3p.sing
Dreitman kyo baga Omni ya si sela sa?
dreitman y/n.clause.present say.3p.sing Omni clause.3p.sing NEG( die.imperf )NEG
Free translation (all of the above):
Is dreitman saying that Omni isn't dead?
Just' / 'Only':
4a) Mak ye baga ka tal.
only clause.future say.3p.sing DET indefinite
4b) Mak ye ka tal baga.
only clause.future DET indefinite say.3p.sing
He/she will just say something.
4b) Kye mak baga ka tal?
Y/N.clause.future only say.3p.sing DET indefinite
4c) Kye mak ka tal baga?
Y/N.clause.future only DET indefinite say.3p.sing
Will he/she just say something?
4d) Do ya mak e bag ka tal.
null_clause/tense hope.1p.sing clause.3p.sing only future say DET indef
4e) Do ya mak e ka tal bag.
null_clause/tense hope.1p.sing clause.3p.sing only future DET indef say
I hope that he/she will just say something.
• Kye bago i ka hani karuset?
Speak with you tomorrow, then?
• both subject and object agreement on transitive verbs (primary stress is marked with an
acute accent in these examples):
1a) Yó labágip
clause.present 3p.sing.Obj-say-2p.plur.Subj
You guys are saying it
2a) Yó ka kúsey ke hánip labágip
clause.present Det.abs this Det.erg 2p.plur 3p.sing.Obj-say-2p.plur.Subj
You guys are saying it
3a) Yó ka hánip bágip
clause.present Det.abs 2p.plur say-2p.plur.Subj
You guys are talking
4a) Yó labágip ke hánip yá si séla ka Ómni sa
clause.present 3p.sing.Obj-say-2p.plur.Subj Det.erg 2p.plur clause.3p.sing Neg( die.imperf
Det.abs Omni )Neg
You guys are saying that Omni isn't dead
Or in a more popular dialect (SVO, no AUX, more agglutinative, preposed negation) it might be
more like:
1b) Labágipo
3p.sing.Obj-say-2p.plur.Subj-present
You guys are saying it
2b) Ke hánip labágipo ka kúsey
Det.erg 2p.plur 3p.sing.Obj-say-2p.plur.Subj-present Det.abs this
You guys are saying it
3b) Ka hánip bágipo
Det.abs 2p.plur say-2p.plur.Subj-present
You guys are talking
4b) Ke hánip labágipo yá ka Ómni si sénala
Det.erg 2p.plur 3p.sing.Obj-say-2p.plur.Subj-present clause Det.abs Omni Neg
die-3p.sing.Subj-imperf
You guys are saying that Omni isn't dead
• Yo nano lakusey.
clause.present -like-1p acc.this
I like this.
Yo nanop lahonop.
clause.present -like-1p.plur acc.2p.plur
We like you guys.
Wehana hani.
gen.book I
My book.
Yal tamina lawime hani.
clause.past -hit-pass.3p acc.gen.head I
I hit my head. (My head was hit.)
Yal tamina temesena lawime hani wetite dos.
clause.past -hit-pass.3p accident.adverb acc.gen.head I gen.bar particle.instr
I hit my head on the bar on accident. (My head was hit by a bar accidentally.)
Yo wa wehabu ma.
clause.present -be-3p gen.table particle.adess
It is on the table.
Mit gip lasiletep, ha siletir.
If you have any questions, ask.
• Just to be thorough, these would probably render this way w/ my vulgar grammar:
Ka wehóno íme táminal témesen títe dos
Det.abs gen.1p.sing head hit.pass.past accidentally bar instr
Ka wehóno íme táminal témesen dos kwe títe
Det.abs gen.1p.sing head hit.pass.past accidentally inst Det.gen bar
I was accidentally hit with/by a bar/pipe
Ka lá wáyo hábu ma.
Det.abs it be-3p.sing-present table loc/adess
Ka lá wáyo ma kwe hábu
Det.abs it be-3p.sing-present loc/adess Det.gen table
It is on the table
And like this in my non-configurational grammar:
I was accidentally hit with/by a bar/pipe:
SV-initial options (each pair showing adposition alternations):
Yal ka wehóno íme támina témesen títe dos
Yal ka wehóno íme támina témesen dos kwe títe
Yal ka wehóno íme támina títe dos témesen
Yal ka wehóno íme támina dos kwe títe témesen
Yal ka wehóno íme témesen támina títe dos
Yal ka wehóno íme témesen támina dos kwe títe
Yal témesen ka wehóno íme támina títe dos
Yal témesen ka wehóno íme támina dos kwe títe
Yal témesen ka wehóno íme támina títe dos
Yal témesen ka wehóno íme támina dos kwe títe
Other Subject-initial options (must use preposition to properly separate the NPs):
Yal ka wehóno íme dos kwe títe támina témesen
Yal ka wehóno íme dos kwe títe témesen támina
Yal ka wehóno íme témesen dos kwe títe támina
Yal témesen ka wehóno íme dos kwe títe támina
Other options:
Yal támina ka wehóno íme témesen dos kwe títe
Yal támina témesen ka wehóno íme dos kwe títe
Yal témesen támina ka wehóno íme dos kwe títe
Yal támina títe dos ka wehóno íme témesen
Yal támina dos kwe títe ka wehóno íme témesen
Yal támina títe dos témesen ka wehóno íme
Yal támina dos kwe títe témesen ka wehóno íme
Yal támina témesen títe dos ka wehóno íme
Yal támina témesen dos kwe títe ka wehóno íme
Yal témesen támina títe dos ka wehóno íme
Yal témesen támina dos kwe títe ka wehóno íme
25 possible word orders
It is on the table:
Yó ka lá wá hábu ma.
Yó ka lá wá ma kwe hábu.
Yó ka lá ma kwe hábu wá.
Yó wá ka lá ma kwe hábu.
Yó wá hábu ma ka lá.
Yó wá ma kwe hábu ka lá.
6 possible word orders
• I wanted to ask if my accusative prefixes won't get into the way of the absolutive-ergative
constructs. I wrote (with the tense evolution change):
Nanoyo lakusey.
-like-1p.present acc.this
I like this.
But now that I understand the absolutive and ergative cases, it seems to have been:
Nanoyo ka kusey.
-like-1p.present Det.abs this
I like this.
Unless you want to keep it, let's get rid of my accusative case prefixes in favor of the
absolutive-ergative form. I also propose the the genitive prefixes be la-/l- instead of we-/w, because
I don't like the latter prefixes' sounds very much. Therefore, my examples of the genitive are now:
Lahana hani.
gen.book I
My book.
Ka lime hani tam-in-o-l.
Det.abs gen.head I hit.pass.1p.past
I hit my head.
Ka w-ak-yo ma lahabu.
Det.abs it be.3p/n.present loc/adess gen.table
It is on the table.
{notice how I divide verbs in the original sentences}
Ke bag-o-y i ka lahani ba-suni karu kusey.
Det.erg speak.1p.future loc/dative Det.abs gen.2p next.comparative day this
I'll talk to you later today.
• Yo juno ka tik.
I write (a) word.
Yo juno ka os tik.
I write the word.
Yo juno ka titik.
I write words.
Yo juno ka os titik.
I write the words.
Ka tik junoyo.
I write (a) word.
Ka tikos junoyo.
I write the word.
Ka tikp (tihp?) junoyo.
I write words.
Ka tikosp (tihpos?) junoyo.
I write the words.
Tihposka junoyo!!
• I want to have infinitives in Omni. What I mean by infinitive is "to be" or "to write". This is
so that we can say things like "I like to write" or "I like to be".
Here is what I suggest:
Transitive verbs:
-est after consonants
-set after vowels
Intransitive verbs:
-eya after consonants
-yawa after vowels
Examples:
Ka nanoyo junest.
Det.abs like.1p.present write.infi
I like to write.
Ka yenoyo iheya i kla kolos.
Det.abs want.1p.present go.infi loc/dat Det.gen school.the
I want to go to the school.
I also want to decrease the negative from si to s-. This describes it in more detail:
s'- (' is for indicating the prefix is a separate part of the word) before vowels and y's and
si'-before consonants
Ka si'linano.
Det.abs neg.acc.2p.like.1p
I don't like you.
I think adjectives should have a special link showing that they are connected with the noun
they are describing.
ki- and ik-/-ik and -ki
I can't really explain what I mean, but here are some examples that I HOPE will help show
what I mean.
Examples:
Os habu kilut.
the table link.green
The green table.
Lutik habuos.
green.link table.the
The green table.
Depending on where the adjective is situated, on the left or right of the noun, the link on the
adjective always has to point to the noun it modifies. Just to ensure the legitimacy of the noun.
I also want to talk about forming adverbs. As you can see in two of my posts, I have used
adverbs. I made them out of nouns or adjectives. I made them by adding either -ema or -nema to
the word i wanted to derive the adverb from.
Examples:
Senal tumes-ema.
die.3p/pan-gender.past accident.adverb
He/she/it died on accident (accidentally).
Ke jenil ku-nema!
Det.erg come.2p.past good.adverb
You came well! (Welcome!)
Hekip!
thank.plur
Thanks!
• Kusehu, baga kusak ya si senala.
in the Vulgar Omni grammar, would be
Ke kusehu bagayo kusak ke si'sen-la-a-l. (Not too sure what to do about the double a.)
Det.erg this-one say.3p/pan-gender.present that Det.erg neg.die.imperfect.3p.past
• Ke hóno lanánol ka kárukamani Ómninos.
I like today's Omni.
Dí ka tál dúnaye, há dúnaye.
Whatever will be will be.
Mít ke háni layáhuniyo ka tál, há laléymiye ka tálos.
If you want something then use/add it.
• I had an idea involving the definite article that could also be used to derive infinitives from
the verb stem: du "be" > du(n)os/os du "to be, being." It would literally be "the being." I thought
that could be an interesting and original method of derivation.
Nanoy junos.
I like to write.
It could even be used to derive verbal or abstract nouns:
Nanoy ka junos.
I like (the) writing.
S'woloyo duos nissi.
I don't want to be sad.
(nis-i from a stem nis "sadness") « we haven't come up with anything for attributes yet,
have we? Maybe du can function explicitly as a stative marker for an attribute?
Dunay nissi.
Nissi dunay.
Yo duna nisi.
(S)he is sad.
• here's a really quick and simple proposed translation for Genesis 1:1 and 1:3.
1) Kihwema YHWH konalya ka yevaos ga ka omneos.
1) In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
3) Ga sonalya YHWH, “Mesayo ka yes.” Ga mesalya.
3) And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
• Du-sépt-os.
be.infi.plur.defi
The beings.
Jun-éya-n-os.
write.infi.(we call these formal suffixes in Russian. Epenthesis is a bit of a mouthful).defi
The writer. (the one who writes)

First Published: 2009-03-27

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